Updated: May 15, 2021 18:14 IST
Missouri [US], May 15. (ANI): According to researchers, people suffering from shift work sleep disorder‘, a condition developed while working late at night, especially from 11:00 pm to 7:00 am, is three times more likely to have an accident.
People who work late shifts, such as from 11:00 pm to 7:00 am or the “graveyard” shift, are more likely than people with traditional daytime work to develop the chronic disease of shift work. sleep disorder – it disrupts their sleep.
People who develop the condition are also three times more likely to have a car accident, according to researchers at the University of Missouri.
“This discovery has many important implications, including the need to identify technical countermeasures to prevent these accidents,” said Pravin Edara, chair and professor of civil and environmental engineering.
Edara added: “Such measures could include the availability of highway rest areas, roadside and vehicle messaging to improve driver focus, and ways to encourage drivers who can work the night shift to use other modes of transport, including public transport. transit or joint transportation “.
Edara, one of the study’s authors, said the analysis was based on data collected from a real-world driving study for the second Strategic Highway Research Program established by the US Congress.
As the demand for 24/7 business operations has increased in recent years to meet the needs of customers at any time of the day and in everything multiple time zones, traditional working day – was once defined as 9: 00-17: 00 – for many people, evening and night shifts are now used, causing sleep problems and leading to job changes. sleep disorder…
Edara said he was surprised to see shift work. sleep disorder increase the risk of a road traffic accident by nearly 300 percent compared to sleep apnea and insomnia, which increase the risk of a road traffic accident by about 30 percent.
Edara said previous studies have shown sleep disorders increase the risk of road accidents, but most of these studies were conducted in a controlled environment, such as a driving laboratory simulator. He believes these real-world data support these efforts.
“In the past, researchers have studied sleep disordermostly in a controlled environment using test tracks and driving simulators, ”Edara said.
Edara added: “Our study goes even further, using data on actual and near-incident accidents in approximately 2,000 events that occurred in six states in the United States. We have known for a long time that sleep disorders increase the risk of road accidents, but here we can quantify this risk using real crash data while considering mixed variables such as roadway and traffic characteristics. “
Edara said some of the limitations of their study include the lack of data on fatal accidents and the lack of formal measurements to determine sleepiness.
Focus on the national issue
In the United States, the National Transportation Safety Board, or NTSB, is a federal agency that investigates major road traffic accidents. Each year, they release an annual “Most In-Demand” Safety Improvement List, and their 2019–2020 list includes “Screening and Management of Obstructive Sleep Apnea” among 10 key thematic areas.
Edara hoped that by showing the risk of road accidents caused by excessive daytime sleepiness, the researchers could help draw additional attention to finding ways to keep people safe while driving, including removing the driver from the equation with sharing options and automated vehicles. …
He said that the ideal next step in this study would be to collaborate with medical workers who have experience in this area to better understand why this is happening.
“We want to partner with public health and medical workers whose expertise is related to sleep research to better understand why this is happening, ”Edara said.
“It will also allow us to explore what countermeasures we can develop and test to improve the overall safety of these drivers and other motorists around them,” Edara concluded. (ANI)
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